National Logistics System
National Logistics System
Logistics system has a strategic role in synchronizing and harmonizing economic progress across sectors and across regions for the realization of inclusive economic growth, as well as a fortress for national sovereignty and economic security (national economic and security authority). Strategic role of the National Logistics System not only in advancing the national economy, but at the same time as one vehicle for unifying the nation in the frame of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI). National Logistics System is believed to be capable of effectively and efficiently integrate land and sea into a coherent whole and sovereign, which is expected to be a driving force for the establishment of Indonesia as a maritime country.
Accordingly, based on the geographical condition of Indonesia consists of more than 17,000 (seventeen thousand) islands that lie along the 1/8 (one eighth) of the equator with abundant natural resources and produce a strategic commodity and commodity exports. This condition should be able to make Indonesia as the "supply side" that could supply the world with a wealth of natural resources held and processed industrial products, as well as a large market or "demand side" in the global supply chain for a large number of residents. So it takes an integrated national logistics system, effectively and efficiently to support the realization of the role.
Therefore, the National Logistics System is expected to play a role in achieving the objectives of the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2010-2014, MP3EI implementation support, and to realize the vision of the Indonesian economy in 2025 (RPJPN) is "Creating Indonesian society advanced, fair , and prosper "so that GDP per capita will reach the target of 14250-15500 (fourteen thousand two hundred and fifty to fifteen thousand five hundred) U.S. dollars in 2025, as shown below.
Figure 1. Role Sislognas the National Economic Development
In order to develop the National Logistics System as one of the infrastructure in building national competitiveness and to support the implementation of the Masterplan Economic Development Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia 2011 - 2025, has been determined Presidential Regulation. 26 Year Development Blueprint 2012 About National Logistics System. Blueprint for Development of National Logistics System is intended as a guide and a guide for stakeholders.
Vision, Mission and Objectives
Vision and Mission of the National Logistics System is formulated based on current national logistics practices, the development of national and global environment.
Integrated Locally, Globally Connected for National Competitiveness and Social Welfare
A. Streamlining the flow of goods effectively and efficiently to ensure the fulfillment of basic needs and improving the competitiveness of national products in the domestic market, regional, and global.
2. Building a national logistics nodes and connectivity ranging from rural, urban, inter-regional and inter-island to Port Hub International in collaboration between stakeholders.
Streamlining the flow of goods effectively and efficiently
A. Lowering logistics costs, facilitate the flow of goods and logistics services that enhance the competitiveness of national products increase in the global market and domestic market.
2. Ensure the availability of basic and strategic commodities throughout Indonesia at an affordable price so as to encourage the achievement of a just and prosperous society, and strengthen the sovereignty and integrity of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia;
3. Prepare yourself to achieve the target of the logistics integration of ASEAN in 2013, the market integration of ASEAN in 2015, and the integration of global markets in 2020.
National Logistics System will be developed into an integrated logistics system that effectively and efficiently by using the concept of Supply Chain Management (Supply Chain Management / SCM) is based on synchronization, integration and collaboration of the parties involved (stakeholders), taking advantage of the use of information technology contained in the an institutional order that reliable and effective system of organization. National Logistics System is expected to be operationalized by actors and professional logistics services provider and ethical, and logistical support tersedianyainfrastuktur adequate and reliable.
Given the major activities of logistics is to move goods (commodities), the paradigm used is the "ship follows the trade", however I also consider the geographical location ndonesia broad and affordability constraints for some areas and certain areas, then used a paradigm "promotes the ship trade ". Furthermore, in preparing the profile, strategies, programs, and plans to use the approach ak 6 (six) key prime mover (key drivers) logistics, namely:
A. Major Commodities (Commodity Key)
2. Logistics Infrastructure
3. Executors and Provider Enterprises
4. Human Resources (HR) Logistics
5. Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
6. Harmonization of Regulation
Port of International Relations in the National Logistics System
Indonesia is a vast nation, reflected in the time of the kingdom of Srivijaya, the Amukti Palapa, as well as insight into the concept of the archipelago. Srivijaya and Majapahit as the precursor of Indonesia, has established itself as a strong maritime power.Cultural resource management, agriculture, education, and technology when it is done by marine orientation. The ability of trade projection capability is developed so well so as to protect the economic interests in the region of Southeast Asia at that time.
The founding fathers Indonesia always prioritize economic development paradigm based maritime sovereignty. Subsequently required nearly 30 years for Indonesia to fight for the rights of its strategic geo sovereignty. Therefore, it is natural that the Indonesian people have fought to maintain what is a smart and well as possible, by continuing to promote maritime-based economic development paradigm.
Maritime-based economic development is supported by a Presidential Regulation. 26 Year Development Blueprint 2012 About National Logistics System. National Logistics System is believed to be capable of effectively and efficiently integrate land and sea into a coherent whole and sovereign, which is expected to be a driving force for the establishment of Indonesia as a maritime country.
The foundation for the concept development of the waters of Indonesia are as follows.
- Law no. 6 Year 1996 regarding Indonesian Waters
- Law no. 17 On the Ratification of 1985 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea)
- Law no. 17 Year 1985 About Sailing
- PP. 37 of 2002 on Rights and Responsibilities When and Foreign Aircraft In Performing Right of archipelagic sea lanes passage through archipelagic sea lanes Defined
- PP. 20 Year 2010 About Transport in Aquatic
- Protects manufacturers 'and employers' national
- Improving the competitiveness of national products
- Supports MP3EI
- Homeland as the State Maritime
- Strengthen Homeland
Among the criteria for the determination of the Port of International Relations are as follows:
A. Meet the requirements of the technical aspects of the international port;
2. Located in the front or through ALKI;
3. Strengthen the sovereignty and national security (economic, political, defense, social, cultural, commercial, industrial);
4. Improve the effectiveness of the principle of cabotage;
5. Realizing Indonesia as a maritime nation;
6. Improve durability and competitiveness of domestic products;
7. Filtering of imports that threaten domestic producers;
8. Potentially be developed into a new center of economic growth;
9. Took "unusual business growth", has sufficient land for development, not to cause "social cost" is great; and
10. Facilitate equitable economic development in inkusif.
Benefit determination Port Hub International, among others, are as follows:
• Achieve global connectivity;
• Become Economic Hub and Hub Logistics Indonesia is a facilitator of cooperation with neighboring countries within the framework of triangular cooperation IMT (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand), IMS (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore), BIMP (Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Filipinos), and Aida (Australia and Indonesia);
• Protect producers and the national employers and improve the competitiveness of national products, as a door-entry (ports) for imported goods, especially basic and strategic commodities and imported goods, especially basic and strategic commodities and imported goods that could potentially harm the domestic industry .
Has established two (2) Port of International Relations, the West Port of Kuala Tanjung in Indonesia and East Port of Bitung in Indonesia.
Figure 2. International Hub Port locations in Western and Eastern Indonesia
The National Logistics System, the Port Hub International is supported by the Port Feeder in each District / Town, Port Collector in each province and main port on a port collector that meets certain criteria.
Figure 3. For Maritime Transport Backbone Network Maritime Logistics